- Formed in 2007, Tehrik-e-Taliban Pakistan (TTP) is an Islamic extremist organization seeking to overthrow Pakistan’s government and expel US forces from Afghanistan.
TTP maintains a close relationship with al-Qa’ida, as both groups share resources and territory. Historically, al-Qa’ida has provided TTP with ideological guidance, while TTP has supplied al-Qa’ida with safehavens in Pakistan along the border with Afghanistan.
Although TTP considers the Afghan Taliban an ally, because TTP seeks to overthrow the Pakistani Government, there is little cooperation with the Afghan Taliban, which considers Pakistan an ally.
Threat to New Jersey: Low
TTP is focused on regional efforts and has little intent to target the United States because of territorial losses and competition with the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS).
- After TTP attacked Jinnah International Airport in Karachi in 2014, Pakistan’s military launched Operation Zarb-e-Azb to target the group’s strongholds, which forced TTP to abandon its positions along the Afghan border.
In December 2014, when ISIS announced the formation of its self-proclaimed “caliphate,” a TTP spokesman and several tribal chiefs pledged allegiance to ISIS’s leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, creating fissures within TTP’s ranks.
In May 2010, Faisal Shahzad attempted to detonate a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device in New York City after traveling to Pakistan in July 2009 and receiving explosives training from TTP. Shahzad was later arrested at JFK Airport, and in October 2010, he received a life sentence without the possibility of parole.
- TTP remains a threat to US forces in Afghanistan and Pakistan because the group supports foreign terrorist organizations, including al-Qa’ida, and continues to conduct attacks throughout the region.
In August 2013, Hafiz Khan, a Pakistani-American from Miami, was sentenced to 25 years in prison for sending approximately $50,000 to Pakistan to support TTP.
In January 2012, Irfan UI Haq was sentenced to 50 months in prison while his co-defendants received 40 and 36 months for conspiracy to provide material support to TTP.