In today's rapidly advancing technology and innovation environment, social media is a critical component of emergency preparedness, response, and recovery. As social media's growth and popularity continues, citizens and first responders alike can receive timely information during severe weather events. Tools that aggregate social media content present an opportunity for first responders to monitor critical infrastructure operations, and identify high-damage areas and people in need in real-time during an incident.
Pursuant to the Homeland Security Presidential Directive (HSPD)-5, the National Incident Management System (NIMS) was developed to enhance the ability of federal, state, and local emergency responders to manage domestic incidents via a single, comprehensive framework regardless of the cause, size, or complexity of an incident. NIMS guidance allows organizations and agencies to work together and effectively manage incidents involving all threats and hazards in order to reduce loss of life and property, as well as harm to the environment.