The proposed Dakota Access and Keystone XL Pipelines pose little impact to New Jersey due to the State’s robust, independent infrastructure and the lack of credible threats from anarchist or environmental extremist groups. The Dakota Access Pipeline will transport crude oil from the Bakken shale oil fields in northwest North Dakota to a terminal in Illinois, where it will travel to refineries on the Gulf of Mexico and the Midwest. The Keystone XL Pipeline is a proposed project awaiting US State Department approval, which will provide a more direct route to transport crude oil from Alberta to Nebraska.
The vast systems of pipelines in the United States are a fundamentally safe means of transport for energy related commodities, but present unique security challenges for the private sector and government. According to the US Department of Homeland Security (US DHS), these systems span over 2.5 million miles while transporting nearly all of the country’s natural gas and roughly 65 percent of hazardous liquids consumed nationwide.