On June 4, the US Department of Justice announced Peyman Amiri Larijani, an Iranian citizen and former Turkish resident, was charged with conspiracy to transfer US aircraft parts to Iran. The indictment alleges Larijani conspired to use the supplies to equip an Iranian airline suspected of providing logistical support to the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC). The US Department of State designated the IRGC as a foreign terrorist organization on April 15.
While serving as the Operations Manager for Turkish-based Kral Aviation, Larijani purchased aircraft parts made and sold in the United States and had them shipped to Turkey. Once in Turkey, he then shipped the parts to Iran. Larijani wired money to banks in the United States while concealing the intended purpose of the purchased parts.
Parts were delivered to several Iranian airlines, including Mahan Air, which the US Department of Treasury designated a Specially Designated National (SDN) for providing financial, material, and technological support to the IRGC. In 2011, the United States imposed sanctions on Mahan Air and encouraged its European allies to do the same given the airline’s alleged links to the IRGC, Hizballah, and Bashar al-Assad’s regime in Syria.
Charges against Larijani and Kral Aviation include conspiracy to export US goods to Iran, providing services to an SDN, and conspiracy to commit money laundering, as the US goods were purchased without obtaining an export license. If convicted, Larijani faces a maximum of 20 years in prison.