Black separatist extremists are individuals or groups that seek to establish an independent nation for people of African descent through force or violence. These groups claim superiority over whites, are typically anti-Semitic, and oppose integration and racial intermarriage.
The intent and capability of black separatist groups vary by chapter and region. At least two groups are active in New Jersey: the New Black Panther Party (NBPP) and the Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (ICGJC). The NBPP portrays itself as a militant modern expression of the original Black Panther Party; however, representatives of the original group have denounced the “exploitation of the party’s name and history.” The ICGJC justifies its rhetoric with religious ideology and believes its members are the true Hebrew descendants. NBPP and ICGJC promote violent and hate-based rhetoric against law enforcement, government officials, Jews, and whites.
Threat to New Jersey: Low
Black separatist extremist groups in New Jersey are disorganized and continue to focus on activities related to narcotics, illegal weapons, and financial crimes. Over the past several years, authorities in New Jersey have focused on disrupting these criminal activities.
On May 6, authorities arrested a national leader of the NBPP in Essex County on weapons charges, according to a podcast the group released later that month. The NBPP stated, “our dear brotha [sic] was kidnapped by the pigs and was charged with trumped up weapons charges.”
In November 2016, the FBI served a search warrant related to “financial irregularities” at the ICGJC’s headquarters in New York, according to the Southern Poverty Law Center. The leader of the ICGJC is a New Jersey resident and oversees churches in at least 10 states.
United States Nexus
In 2017, four black separatist extremists conducted attacks, killing eight and injuring nine.
In September, Emanuel Kidega Samson shot and killed one and injured six in an attack at a church in Antioch, Tennessee. Authorities found a handwritten note inside his vehicle that referenced seeking revenge for a white supremacist attack in 2015 on a black church in Charleston, South Carolina. Samson’s Facebook page revealed links to black separatist groups, including the NBPP.
In August, Everett Glenn Miller ambushed and killed two police officers responding to a call for service in Kissimmee, Florida. On his Facebook page, Miller discussed anger at police, racism in the United States, and the white supremacist protest in Charlottesville, Virginia. On the day of the shooting, he shared an article suggesting white supremacists had infiltrated police departments.
In May, Derick Lamont Brown killed his roommate, injured his neighbor, and shot at first responders in Dallas, Texas. The FBI stated Brown was the subject of an open investigation. He was the former leader of the Dallas NBPP chapter and had links to other black separatist extremist groups.
In April, Kori Ali Muhammad killed four people over six days in Fresno, California. Muhammad believed he was contributing to the ongoing war between white and black men, according to his father.