Black Separatist Extremists

  • Black separatist extremists are individuals or groups that seek to establish an independent nation for people of African descent through force or violence. These groups claim superiority over whites, are typically anti-Semitic, and oppose integration and racial intermarriage.
  • The intent and capabilities of black separatist groups vary by chapter and region. At least two groups are active in New Jersey—the New Black Panther Party (NBPP) and the Israelite Church of God in Jesus Christ (ICGJC). NBPP portrays itself as a militant modern expression of the original Black Panther Party, while the ICGJC justifies its rhetoric with religious ideology and believes its members are the true Hebrew descendants. NBPP and ICGJC promote violent and hate-based rhetoric against law enforcement, government officials, Jews, and whites. 

THREAT TO NEW JERSEY: Moderate

Black separatist extremist groups in New Jersey are disorganized and continue to focus on activities related to narcotics, illegal weapons, and financial crime. In 2016, five black separatist extremists conducted attacks independently of any group affiliation.

  • NBPP members operating in New Jersey are unlikely to plot or conduct violent acts, despite the hate-based rhetoric they espouse, because of their lack of consistent leadership and arrests of key members.

  • In July 2016, Micah Johnson, a former member of a black separatist group, killed five police officers and injured nine others at a Black Lives Matter protest in Dallas. During a standoff with law enforcement, Johnson said he was upset over recent police-involved shootings and wanted to kill primarily white police officers. The same month, Gavin Long, a member of a sovereign citizen group and a former member of the Nation of Islam, killed three police officers and injured three others in Baton Rouge after posting YouTube videos alleging police oppression.

  • In November 2014, federal authorities arrested two NBPP members, Brandon Orlando Baldwin and Olajuwon Ali Davis, for plotting to attack the police chief in Ferguson, Missouri, the county prosecutor, a police station, and an armored police vehicle. Baldwin and Davis were reacting to the killing of an unarmed teenager, Michael Brown, by a Ferguson police officer. Baldwin and Davis pled guilty to federal explosives and weapons charges, and they were sentenced to seven years in prison.

NEW JERSEY NEXUS

  • In November 2016, the FBI Newark field office served a search warrant related to “financial irregularities” at the ICGJC’s headquarters in Harlem, New York. The leader of the ICGJC is a New Jersey resident overseeing churches in at least 10 states. The ICGJC is not known to be violent, but some members participate in criminal activity, particularly financial crimes they believe are ordained by God to help members survive in a “white-dominated world.”
  • In November 2015, an NBPP protest was scheduled at a Walmart in Kearny (Hudson County), but no members showed up. The New Jersey NBPP last successfully organized a rally in April 2011, when it protested a National Socialist Movement gathering outside the State House in Trenton (Mercer County).

  • New Jersey NBPP members sometimes attach to other NBPP chapters or social activist groups during highly publicized racial incidents, including recent protests in Ferguson; Sanford, Florida; and Baltimore.

Additional Resources

Overlap Between Black Separatists and Moorish Sovereign Citizens

Recent Attacks on Law Enforcement


For more information, please contact NJOHSP's Analysis Bureau at analysis@njohsp.gov or 609-584-4000.