The Casino and Gaming sub-sector represents casinos and the associated convention centers, shopping arcades, lodging facilities, nightclubs, theaters, and performing arts centers that make up the entire gaming facility complex. The sub-sector overlaps with other assets in the Commercial Facilities Sector.
The Aviation Sector is comprised of infrastructure owned and operated by public, private, and military entities. Aviation infrastructure includes airports, heliports, balloonports, and seaplane landing ports, which are regulated by the Federal Aviation Administration and the New Jersey Department of Transportation.
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The attack on Monday at Ohio State University highlights the enduring influence of radical cleric Anwar al-Aulaqi, who was killed in a US airstrike in Yemen in 2011. Abdul Artan, who shortly before the Ohio State attack posted a statement on Facebook praising Aulaqi as “our hero,” drove his vehicle through a crowd and struck fellow students with a knife, injuring 11. Artan’s motives are still under investigation., and in the same Facebook post, he made references to ISIS and lone-wolf attacks.
The Retail sub-sector encompasses a range of commercial facilities, from strip malls to enclosed large-scale shopping malls. Commercial retail locations are soft targets in that they operate with open access, have minimal security, and allow the general public to move throughout them freely.
The Passenger Rail sub-sector is comprised of commuter and light rail lines, rail stations, and rail cars. Passenger rail systems in New Jersey include NJ Transit, Amtrak, Port Authority Transit Corporation (PATCO), Port Authority Trans-Hudson (PATH), and the Southeastern Pennsylvania Transportation Authority (SEPTA).
The network of highways in the United States includes nearly four million miles of roadway, 600,000 bridges, and 400 tunnels. New Jersey has 38,566 miles of road managed by the State, county and municipal governments, and toll road authorities.
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Since 2015, foreign terrorist organizations, including al-Qa’ida affiliates and the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS), have directed and inspired attacks against the hotel industry in Africa, with the goal of depleting emergency responder resources and maximizing casualties. Hotels are often open to the public and host tourists, government officials, and entrepreneurs, as well as provide a conducive environment for meetings, conferences, and other special events.
The Dams Sector comprises assets, systems, networks, and functions related to dam projects, navigation locks, levees, hurricane barriers, mine tailings impoundments, or other similar water retention and control facilities. It is a vital sector of infrastructure that provides a range of economic, environmental, and social benefits, including hydroelectric power, river navigation, water supply, wildlife habitat, waste management, flood control, and recreation.
Chemical facilities in New Jersey manufacture, store, and transport chemicals to customers in multiple critical infrastructure sectors. The facilities are all privately owned and operated. According to the New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, there are approximately 200 private sector chemical facilities in New Jersey. The State of New Jersey does not own any chemical facilities.
The Communications Sector is an integral component of the US economy and the operations of all businesses, public safety organizations, and government agencies. It includes wireline, wireless, satellite, cable, and broadcasting capabilities, and the transport networks that support the Internet and other key information systems.
The Freight Rail sub-sector is one of seven modes that make up the Transportation System Sector and is comprised of railroads, about 143,000 miles of track, roughly 1.3 million freight cars, and some 20,000 locomotives in the United States. The sub-sector is responsible for roughly $55 billion per year in cargo transport.
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Since May, the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has tried to maintain operational and strategic momentum in the face of setbacks by recasting its propaganda, downplaying territorial losses, and emphasizing its potential long-term impact on the global jihad. Since 2015, the group lost approximately 30 percent of its territory and 120 leaders.
An NJOHSP review of the Transportation Sector found that ferries remain susceptible to terrorist attacks because they transport large volumes of people, have limited security, and offer minimal escape options during incidents. Although there has not been a recent plot or attack against ferries in the United States, authorities across the country, including in New Jersey, have increased security in this area. French authorities likewise hardened port security following a bomb scare at the Port of Marseille in July.
The Maritime System sub-sector is a complex system of vessels, port facilities, waterways, and waterway infrastructure. The sub-sector is dependent on critical infrastructure such as railroads, bridges, tunnels, highways, as well as interconnected physical, cyber, and human assets to facilitate economic growth.
Ahmad Khan Rahami—a.k.a Ahmad Rahimi—who was responsible for bomb-related incidents in Seaside Park, Elizabeth, and New York City in September, was arrested after citizens reported suspicious activity to local authorities, underscoring the importance of the public in countering terrorism. On September 19, law enforcement officials in New Jersey and New York issued alerts on Twitter and other platforms with photos of Rahami, stating he was wanted in connection with explosions in both states.
Al-Qa’ida in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) continues to influence the global English-speaking jihadist community through newly created Inspire Guides, which allow the group to take credit for attacks and provide guidance for future operations. AQAP has not successfully executed an attack in the West since the operation in January 2015 against the offices of the satirical newspaper Charlie Hebdo in Paris.
From a quantitative and qualitative standpoint, fiscal year 2016 was by far NJOHSP’s most productive in its 10-year history. The reorganization that my senior staff and I began in July 2014 set the foundations for the unprecedented pace and scale of productivity that has occurred since that time.